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October 14, 2020

Prehospital Transfusion of Low-Titer O + Whole Blood for Severe Maternal Hemorrhage: A Case Report

Access full study in PubMed

Ryan NewberryC J WincklerRyan LuellwitzLeslie GreebonElly XenakisWilliam BullockMichael StringfellowJulian Mapp

Abstract

Introduction: Beginning in 2017, multiple stakeholders within the Southwest Texas Regional Advisory Council for Trauma collaborated to incorporate cold-stored low-titer O RhD-positive whole blood (LTO + WB) into all phases of their trauma system, including the prehospital phase of care. Although the program was initially focused on trauma resuscitation, it was expanded to included non-traumatic hemorrhagic shock patients that may benefit from whole blood resuscitation.Case Report: We report the case of a patient with severe maternal hemorrhage secondary to placenta accreta who received a prehospital transfusion of LTO + WB. We believe this to be the first reported case of post-partum hemorrhage resuscitated out of hospital with whole blood.Discussion: This case highlights the potential benefits of a prehospital whole blood program as well as the controversy surrounding a LTO + WB program that includes females of childbearing age.